Entries 901 - 1000 out of 4314 [44 pages]

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Alessandro Scarlatti (1660 - 1725):  Sonata Settima in D major
source: Concerti di Flauto, Violini, Violetta, e Basso di Diversi Autori (Napoli 1725) Manuscript preserved in Naples: Conservatorio S. Pietro a Majella, No. 7
scoring: G or A (2 Violins, Cello, Bc)

In all likelihood, this piece was conceived for a treble recorder in G, but it easily can be performed on a treble in F as well. For the recorder in G, an extra transposed part is added to read it using F fingering.

3
Ennio Morricone (1928 - ):  Chi Mai
scoring: STTTB
What is the meaning of these icons?    1
Fernando de las Infantas (1534 - c. 1610):  Contrappunto 16
source: Plura modulationum genera quae vulgo contrapuncta appellantur super excelso gregoriano cantu (Venice 1579)
scoring: ATT
What is the meaning of these icons?  1
Luigi Battiferri (c. 1610 - 1682):  Ricercare Ottavo a 4. Con tre soggetti - Op. 3, No. 8
source: Ricercare a quattro, a cinque e a sei. Op. 3 (Bologna 1669)
scoring: SATB
What is the meaning of these icons?  1
Pompeo Natali (XVII cent.):  Solfeggiamento XXVII a tre
source: Solfeggiamenti a due e tre voci per cantare e suonare (Rome 1674), No. 8
scoring: SST or ATB
2
Atys (1715 - 1784):  Sonata I in Bb major - Op. 1, No. 1
source: Six sonates en duo en forme de conversation pour deux flûtes traversieres. Op. 1 (Paris [1754])
Edited and/or arranged by Robert Paul Block
scoring: AA

FOREWORD

This edition of the Atys sonata was begun many decades ago in Iowa City, Iowa by Robert Paul Block (1942-2001). Bob Block was passionate about early music, the recorder and sharing his love of music with our small Iowa community and with his editing work far beyond Iowa City. Bob died many years ago and left an unfinished, handwritten edition of the Atys sonata as well as other in-progress transcriptions of duos. After his death, as much as I can tell, the work  passed from one set of hands to another’s with no one knowing how to best honor the work that Bob had begun.

Many years have passed… Andrea Bornstein has very generously helped with finishing the editing of the Atys sonata. I am sure that Bob would be very happy to see his work included on www.gardane.info, and to see that the edition of the Atys sonata he had begun so long ago, is no longer hidden away, and can now be enjoyed and played by many recorder players.

Thank you Andrea!

Nona France

Sept. 2016

PREFACE

A lot of estimable minor composers wrote music for flute duet or matched pairs of other melody instruments. The present edition draws upon works of both types, some of it transposed to fit treble recorders and some not.

Since some of the most important treble recorder duets today (by Telemann, in particular) are transpositions of flute music, and since 18th-century recorder players applied a system of clef transposition to flute music (a practice specifically mentioned in prefaces to early publications by Telemann, Schickhardt and others), it seems like a reasonable idea to write out some transpositions from flute music that recorder players may find enjoyable to play.

ATYS (no first name known) (1715 - 1784). French creole flutist, composer and teacher. Born in St. Domingue in what is now Haiti, died in Paris.

Published several sets of flute duets and quartets, and two methods for flute; an op. 2 set of sonatas is lost. Atys was well known as one of the first flutist to use crescendo and diminuendo instead of terraced dynamics. His op. 1, the Six sonates en duo en forme de conversation (Paris [1754]) is the source for the work included here.

Editorial procedure

Aside from supplying transposition for the pieces that need it, the editions presented here are Urtext. All editorial accretions are clearly marked, except for the omission of a few accidentals to bring the notation into line with current practice.

Performance

The only real problem, once the use of notes inegales is decided, is the interpretation of appoggiaturas. While I have in some instance offered suggestions in the text, nothing will substitute for reading Hotteterre and Quantz on the subject.

R.P. Block

Iowa City, Iowa USA

Sept. 1982

6
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Den Tod niemand zwingen kunnt
source: Cantata BWV 4, «Christ lag in Todesbanden»
scoring: SAB or SSB
What is the meaning of these icons?  3
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Sinfonia
source: Cantata BWV 4, «Christ lag in Todesbanden»
scoring: SAATB
What is the meaning of these icons?  5
Heinrich Isaac (c. 1450 - 1517):  Innsbruck, ich muss dich lassen
scoring: TTBB or TTTB

As many compositions of early Renaissance, this one has a quite complex story. Certainly, the theme of a well-known popular song (Innsbruck Ich muss dich lassen) was set by Isaac in the Christe secundum of his Missa Carminum. This piece is set for four male parts in a late print published by the German publisher Rhau: Opus Decem Missarum (Wittenberg 1540); the same piece is set for three voices, and with its original title, in an earlier manuscript –  MSS 328-331 (compiled around 1523) – found at the University of Munich. The manuscript set of the same song contains at least a mistake and lacks the second voice.

It is possible that Isaac conceived the Christe secundum for three voices and the four part had been added later by other musicians. These additions were common practice in the first years of the 16th century, when the «modern» style preferred four-part setting to the ancient three-part setting.

What is the meaning of these icons?  4
Alex North (1910 - 1991):  Unchained Melody
scoring: ATBB or ATBL (Harmonic Instrument ad libitum)

The lowest part (B2) suits better a bass recorder in C.

What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Paolo Benedetto Bellinzani (c. 1690 - 1757):  Trio Sonata 10 in D minor
source: Dodici sonate da Chiesa a 3, con due Violini o Basso ad imitazione di quelle di Arcangelo Corelli. (XVIII cent.). Manuscript preserved in Bologna: Museo internazionale e biblioteca della musica
scoring: AA (Bc)

Transposed and adapted from the original score for two violins and continuo.

What is the meaning of these icons?  6
Anonymous:  Pavane 1
source: Mus.ms. 1516. Teutsche, Französische und Lateinische Lieder mit 4 Stimmen (c. 1540), Manuscript preserved in Munich: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Musiksammlung, No. 185
scoring: ATTB or SATB

Also transposed a tone above to fit an SATB recorder ensemble.

What is the meaning of these icons?   4
Georg Philipp Telemann (1681 - 1767):  Solo III in A major (C major) - TWV 41:A5
source: 12 Solos à Violon ou Traversiere avec la Basse chiffrée (Hamburg 1734), No. 3
scoring: V or A (Bc)

This edition contains both the transcription of the original version for violin – or flute – and continuo and the adaptation for treble recorder. The original score may be performed on a voice flute.

What is the meaning of these icons?  8
Floriano Canale (c. 1550 - post 1603):  La Solda a 4
source: Canzoni da sonare a quattro, et otto voci. Libro 1 (Venice 1600), No. 14
scoring: SATB
4
Paolo Benedetto Bellinzani (c. 1690 - 1757):  Trio Sonata 3 in C major
source: Dodici sonate da Chiesa a 3, con due Violini o Basso ad imitazione di quelle di Arcangelo Corelli. (XVIII cent.). Manuscript preserved in Bologna: Museo internazionale e biblioteca della musica
scoring: AA (Bc)

Transposed and adapted from the original score for two violins and continuo.

2
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Partita in A minor (C minor) - BWV 1013
scoring: A

Version 2: revised some accidentals in the first movement thanks to Graham for his suggestions.

What is the meaning of these icons?   19
Fernando de las Infantas (1534 - c. 1610):  Contrappunto 15
source: Plura modulationum genera quae vulgo contrapuncta appellantur super excelso gregoriano cantu (Venice 1579)
scoring: TTT or TTB
2
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Sonata a traversa e cembalo obligato in C major - BWV 1032
scoring: A (Harpsichord)

The original sonata is in A major: we transposed it to C major for a treble recorder. No changes were necessary, with the exception of a short passage we suggest to play an octave lower.

6
Lodovico Zacconi (1555 - 1627):  Contrappunto I sopra Ave maris stella
source: Prattica di Musica (Venice 1592/1619)
scoring: SATB or ATBB

The original score does not fit recorders. Our edition contains – besides the transcription of the original score – a slighty adapted version that fits recorders.

5
Antonio Brunelli (1577 - 1630):  Aria di Ruggiero per sonare
source: Varii esercitii (Florence 1614)
scoring: CC or AA (Bc)

The original score has been also editorially transposed for two treble recorders.

5
Anonymous:  El Marchese di Saluzzo
source: Mus.ms. 1503 h (c. 1550), Manuscript preserved in Munich: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Musiksammlung
scoring: ATBB
What is the meaning of these icons?   10
Giovanni Carlo Maria Clari (1677 - 1754):  Io sarò sempre costante
source: Ms. Add. 14206 (18th cent.), British Library, London
scoring: AT (Harpsichord)

Arranged from the original duet for soprano and alto singers.

Divisions for the recorders are editorial.

What is the meaning of these icons?   6
John Phillips (1935 - 2001):  San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)
scoring: SATB (Harmonic Instrument)
What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Fuge über ein Thema von Legrenzi - BWV 574 A
scoring: SATB
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Matthew Locke (c. 1622 - 1677):  Suite 8 (Nos. 29-32)
source: Little consort of three parts (London 1656), No. 8
scoring: STB (Bc ad libitum)

In the original score the bass part does not fit a bass recorder; we added an adapted part for it.

What is the meaning of these icons?   9
Antonio Vivaldi (1678 - 1741):  Sonata VII in D minor - RV 8
source: Sonate a violino e basso per il cembalo. Op. 2 (Venice 1709), No. 7
scoring: A (Bc)

Arranged from the original score for violin and continuo.

8
Luigi Battiferri (c. 1610 - 1682):  Ricercare Settimo a 4. Con tre soggetti - Op. 3, No. 7
source: Ricercare a quattro, a cinque e a sei. Op. 3 (Bologna 1669)
scoring: SATB
11
Anne Danican Philidor (1681 - 1728):  Courante
source: 1er Livre de pieces pour la flute traversiere, flute a bec, violons et haut-bois avec la basse continuë (Paris 1712), No. 8
scoring: A (Bc)
5
Christian Petzold (1677 - 1733):  Trio Sonata in D major (F major, C major)
source: Musica 2354-Q-2. Sächsische Landesbibliothek, Dresden
scoring: AA or SSB (Bc)

The original score is for flute, violin and continuo. The violin part has the same range of the upper one and in all likelihood has been conceived for a flute as well.

Our edition presents the original score (playable by two voice flutes), the transposed version for two treble recorders and a version for SSB recorders.

What is the meaning of these icons?   7
Francisque Darcieux (1880 - 1951):  Auprès de ma blonde
scoring: SATB
What is the meaning of these icons?  4
Antonio Vivaldi (1678 - 1741):  Largo cantabile
source: Concerto RV 88
scoring: AATB (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?   16
Orlando di Lasso (c. 1532 - 1594):  Heroum soboles, amor orbis, Motet a 6
source: Magnum opus musicum (Munich 1604), No. 321
Edited and/or arranged by Lorenzo Pantanetti
scoring: SAATTB or ATTBBF

Presented in its original key and transposed a fourth below to suit low recorders.

What is the meaning of these icons?  6
Manuel José Vidigal (XIX cent.):  6° Minuette
source: Seis Minuettes para Guitarra e Baxo (Lisboa c. 1796)
scoring: ATB
What is the meaning of these icons?   7
Anonymous:  Theme #1
scoring: STTB
What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Three-part Sinfonia (Invention) No. 7 - BWV 793
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?  5
Giovanni Battista Somis (1686 - 1763):  Sinfonia a flauto solo e basso in F major
source: Ms. CF-V-23: Sinfonie di varij autori. Manuscript preserved in Parma: Biblioteca Palatina, No. 9
scoring: A (Bc)
8
Giovanni Battista Pergolesi (1710 - 1736):  Concerto a 4 in F major
source: MS. mu 9709.2965. Manuscript preserved in Copenhagen, Royal Library
scoring: TTTB

Transposed and adapted for TTTB recorders from the original score already published on this site.

What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Giovanni Battista Pergolesi (1710 - 1736):  Concerto a 4 in G major
source: MS. mu 9709.2965. Manuscript preserved in Copenhagen, Royal Library
scoring: A (2 Violins, Bc)

This concerto is considered spurious by some musicologists.

This edition contains the transcription of the original concerto plus an adapted version for treble recorder of the flute part.

What is the meaning of these icons?  6
Johann Christoph Pepusch (c. 1667 - 1752):  Trio in F major
source: Ms. Musica 2160-Q-2. Manuscript preserved in Dresden: Sächsische Landesbibliothek
scoring: ATB

Transposed and adapted from the original score in G major for recorder, violin and bassoon that we have already published.

08-06-2016: A mistake in the score has been corrected. Thanks to Jan Jaap!

What is the meaning of these icons?   11
Luigi Battiferri (c. 1610 - 1682):  Ricercare Sesto a 4. Con due soggetti - Op. 3, No. 6
source: Ricercare a quattro, a cinque e a sei. Op. 3 (Bologna 1669)
scoring: SATB
What is the meaning of these icons?  7
Andreas Heinrich Schultzen (1681 - 1741):  Sonata III in D minor
source: VI Sonate a Flauto solo con Cimbalo o vero Fagotto (Amsterdam [1703]), No. 3
scoring: A (Bc)
5
Lodovico Viadana (c. 1560 - 1627):  O quam suavis est
source: Centum sacri concentus ab una voce sola (Frankfurt 1615)
scoring: C or A (Bc)

Presented in two versions: in the original key for recorder in C and transposed for a treble recorder. In both cases, divisions and continuo realization are editorial.

Our edition of the original score for soprano singer and continuo is available in EtCetera.

What is the meaning of these icons?   4
Johann Heinrich Müller (c. 1780 - 1826):  Canon No. 1 «Kurz, wie der Rosen»
source: Zwölf Canons […] für drei Singstimmen ohne Begleitung (Leipzig [XIX cent.]), No. 1
scoring: AAB or SST

The original key has been transposed a third below for AAB recorders and a third above for SST recorders.

What is the meaning of these icons?   7
Friedrich Heinrich Himmel (1765 - 1814):  Polonoise
source: Hamburg c. 1810
scoring: ATBB

Arranged from the original piano score.

What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Stephen Sondheim (1930 - ):  Send in the Clowns
scoring: A (Piano)
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Giuseppe Colombi (1635 - 1694):  Suonata 1 in C major
source: Sinfonie da camera. Op. 1 (Bologna 1668)
scoring: ATB (Bass instrument ad libitum, Bc)

Transposed for ATB recorders plus continuo instruments from the original score for two violins, viola (or third violin), cello and continuo in Bb major.

The Basso part suits a viol, a cello or a bassoon, though it may be played by a harmonic instrument only.

What is the meaning of these icons?  9
Johann Guth (c. 1675 - 1710):  Ut Re Mi Fa Sol La a 3 Violini, canon at the unison a 3
source: Novitas musicalis. Allerhand Canones und Fugen von 2. 3. und 4 Stimmen sampt dem General Bass (Frankfurt 1675), No. 27
scoring: AAA (Bc)

Transposed a forth above from the orignal score for three violins and basso continuo.

What is the meaning of these icons?  8
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Three-part Sinfonia (Invention) No. 6 - BWV 792
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?  5
Samuel Friedrich Bockshorn [Capricornus] (1628 - 1665):  Ciaccona a 2
source: Ms. Heinemann-Nr. 2369 - Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel
scoring: AB (Bc)

Our edition contains the transcription of the original score for violin, viola da gamba and continuo and my arrangement for AB recorders and continuo.

What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Giuseppe Tartini (1692 - 1770):  Concerto in G major
source: Ms. Gimo 294 - Uppsala Universitetsbiblioteket
scoring: A (Strings, Bc)

This edition contains the transcription of the original concerto plus an adapted version for treble recorder of the flute part.

5
Antonio Cifra (1584 - 1629):  Ricercar I
source: Ricercari et canzoni franzese. Libro 2 (Rome 1619), No. 1
scoring: SATB or ATTB

Also editorially transposed a fourth below.

What is the meaning of these icons?  8
Johann Friedrich Gräfe (1711 - 1787):  March
source: Musikalisches Vielerley. Ed. C.Ph.E. Bach (Hamburg 1770)
scoring: AAAB

Transposed and adapted from the original score in Eb major for trumpet, two oboes and bassoon.

What is the meaning of these icons?   4
Matthew Locke (c. 1622 - 1677):  Suite 7 (Nos. 25-28)
source: Little consort of three parts (London 1656), No. 7
scoring: STB (Bc ad libitum)
What is the meaning of these icons?   6
Antonio Vivaldi (1678 - 1741):  Sonata VI in F major (C major) - RV 1
source: Sonate a violino e basso per il cembalo. Op. 2 (Venice 1709), No. 6
scoring: A or C (Bc)

Arranged from the original score for violin and continuo.

What is the meaning of these icons?  7
Pompeo Natali (XVII cent.):  Solfeggiamento XXVI a tre
source: Solfeggiamenti a due e tre voci per cantare e suonare (Rome 1674), No. 7
scoring: SST or ATB
4
Rodolfo Falvo (1873 - 1937):  Dicitencello vuje
scoring: AATB (Harmonic Instrument ad libitum)
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Giacobbe Cervetto [Basevi] (1680 - 1783):  Sonata I in D major (F major, C major)
source: Eight Solos for a German Flute. Op. 3 (London [1757]), No. 1
scoring: A or C (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?  5
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Three-part Sinfonia (Invention) No. 5 - BWV 791
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?  5
Joseph Bodin de Boismortier (1689 - 1755):  Deuxiéme Sonate in A minor (C minor) - Op. 2, No. 2
source: Sonates a deux flûtes-traversieres sans basse. Op. 2 (Paris 1724)
scoring: AA
What is the meaning of these icons?  7
Luigi Battiferri (c. 1610 - 1682):  Ricercare Quinto a 4. Con due soggetti - Op. 3, No. 5
source: Ricercare a quattro, a cinque e a sei. Op. 3 (Bologna 1669)
scoring: SATB
What is the meaning of these icons?  4
Matthew Locke (c. 1622 - 1677):  Suite 6 (Nos. 21-24)
source: Little consort of three parts (London 1656), No. 6
scoring: STB (Bc ad libitum)
What is the meaning of these icons?   7
Domenico Galli (1649 - 1691):  Sonata VI in F major
source: Trattenimento musicale sopra il violoncello a’ solo (Modena 1691), No. 6
scoring: A

Adapted from the original score for solo cello.

5
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Three-part Sinfonia (Invention) No. 4 - BWV 790
scoring: C or A (Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?  3
Riziero Ortolani [Riz] (1926 - 2014):  More
scoring: ATTTBB
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Three-part Sinfonia (Invention) No. 3 - BWV 789
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?  2
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Three-part Sinfonia (Invention) No. 2 - BWV 788
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?   8
Anonymous:  Gavotte
source: A Collection of Several Simphonies and Airs in Three Parts ([London] 1688), No. 10
scoring: AA or CC (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?  1
Jacquet de Berchem (c. 1505 - 1567):  Le donne, i cavallier, l’arme, gli amori, madrigal a 4
source: Primo, secondo et terzo libro del capriccio […] sopra le stanze del Furioso. A quatro voci (Venice 1561), No. 1
scoring: SATB or ATTB
What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Cole Albert Porter (1891 - 1964):  I've Got You Under My Skin
scoring: SSAAAATTBBB
What is the meaning of these icons?  3
Michel Pignolet de Montéclair (1667 - 1737):  Premier Concert
source: Concerts à deux Flutes Traversières sans Basses (Paris s.d.), No. 1
scoring: AA
What is the meaning of these icons?  7
George Frideric Handel (1685 - 1759):  Concerto grosso III - Op. 6, No. 3
scoring: SATB

Arranged from the original score for strings. Should this concerto be performed with more than one recorder per part, all the recorders will play in the «tutti» while just one recorder per part will play the «solo».

What is the meaning of these icons?   12
Jean-Philippe Rameau (1683 - 1764):  Le Tambourin
source: Pièces de Clavessin (Paris 1724)
scoring: A (Harpsichord)

Arranged for treble recorder and harpsichord from the original score for solo harpsichord.

8
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Three-part Sinfonia (Invention) No. 1 - BWV 787
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?  7
Georg Philipp Telemann (1681 - 1767):  Fantasia IV in Bb major (Eb major) - TWV 40:5
source: Fantasie per il violino senza basso (c. 1727), No. 4
scoring: A

This edition contains both the original version for transverse flute and the adaptation for recorder.

9
Andreas Heinrich Schultzen (1681 - 1741):  Sonata II in G minor
source: VI Sonate a Flauto solo con Cimbalo o vero Fagotto (Amsterdam [1703]), No. 2
scoring: A (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Matthew Locke (c. 1622 - 1677):  Suite 5 (Nos. 17-20)
source: Little consort of three parts (London 1656), No. 5
scoring: SSB or AAB (Bc ad libitum)
What is the meaning of these icons?  5
Henry Purcell (1659 - 1695):  Suite
source: The Fairy Queen (1692)
scoring: SSAB
10
Francesco Barsanti (1690 - 1772):  Sonata VI in A minor - Op. 2, No. 6
source: VI sonate per la traversiera. Op. 2 (London [1728])
scoring: A (Bc)

Because of its key, this sonata, does not suit the usual transposition a minor third above very well. So, I preferred to adapt it for treble recorder leaving it in the original A minor key.

What is the meaning of these icons?   7
George Frideric Handel (1685 - 1759):  Minuet in Saul
source: The delightful pocket companion for the German flute (London c. 1763), No. 1
scoring: A or C

The piece is not attributed in the source, but it is indeed the top line of the last movement of the starting sinfonia of Handel’s oratorio Saul (HVW 53).

Our edition contains, besides the original version for transverse flute, its transposition for recorder in C and for treble recorder.

2
George Frideric Handel (1685 - 1759):  Vola l’augello del caro nido - HWV 590, Air from the opera Sosarmes arranged by its own composer for a musical clock
source: Ten Tunes for Clay’s Musical Clock
scoring: AT

The Triumph of Music Over Time: Handel and Charles Clay’s Musical Clocks

You may be familiar with George Frideric Handel’s «Water Music» and «Music for the Royal Fireworks» – but his «Clock Music»? Strange as it sounds, in the 1730s, the prolific London-based German composer found time to answer a commission from horologist Charles Clay to provide music for his clocks – ostentatious timepieces incorporating painting, sculpture and automata.

The manuscript score of Handel’s Ten Tunes for Clay’s Musical Clock is part of the latest exhibition at Handel House Museum (where the composer lived from 1712 until his death in 1759). The Triumph of Time explores the composer’s collaboration with Clay. Being a great recycler, Handel wasn’t about to use up original tunes on a clock and so made arrangements of arias from his Italian operas, while borrowing a few ditties from elsewhere.

The centrepiece of the exhibition is a magnificent Clay clock (on loan from the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery), which has a compass of three octaves and whose chimes and pump organs produce complex sounds faithful to the composer’s intentions. Intriguingly, this clock would have been the first and only time the baroque composer would had heard a recording of his music.

A Yorkshireman, Clay moved to London and became the Royal Clockmaker. His intricately made and beautifully decorated musical clocks were so highly sought after that he even sold tickets to the public to attend his home and see these wondrous creations and hear their reproductions of popular tunes by Handel and others. Now visitors can also step back into the eighteenth century and enjoy one of Clay’s clocks in similarly authentic Georgian surroundings.

Jonathan Lennie

2
George Frideric Handel (1685 - 1759):  Gigue - HWV 589
source: Ten Tunes for Clay’s Musical Clock
scoring: AT

The Triumph of Music Over Time: Handel and Charles Clay’s Musical Clocks

You may be familiar with George Frideric Handel’s «Water Music» and «Music for the Royal Fireworks» – but his «Clock Music»? Strange as it sounds, in the 1730s, the prolific London-based German composer found time to answer a commission from horologist Charles Clay to provide music for his clocks – ostentatious timepieces incorporating painting, sculpture and automata.

The manuscript score of Handel’s Ten Tunes for Clay’s Musical Clock is part of the latest exhibition at Handel House Museum (where the composer lived from 1712 until his death in 1759). The Triumph of Time explores the composer’s collaboration with Clay. Being a great recycler, Handel wasn’t about to use up original tunes on a clock and so made arrangements of arias from his Italian operas, while borrowing a few ditties from elsewhere.

The centrepiece of the exhibition is a magnificent Clay clock (on loan from the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery), which has a compass of three octaves and whose chimes and pump organs produce complex sounds faithful to the composer’s intentions. Intriguingly, this clock would have been the first and only time the baroque composer would had heard a recording of his music.

A Yorkshireman, Clay moved to London and became the Royal Clockmaker. His intricately made and beautifully decorated musical clocks were so highly sought after that he even sold tickets to the public to attend his home and see these wondrous creations and hear their reproductions of popular tunes by Handel and others. Now visitors can also step back into the eighteenth century and enjoy one of Clay’s clocks in similarly authentic Georgian surroundings.

Jonathan Lennie

10
Antonio Caldara (c. 1671 - 1736):  Il dio d’amore, Canon a 4
scoring: CCCC
What is the meaning of these icons?   4
Carl Fasch (1736 - 1800):  Kyrie a 16
source: Missa a 16 voci in Quattro Cori (1783), No. 1
scoring: SSSSSSSSTTTTBBBB (Bc ad libitum)

Adapted to recorders from the original vocal score.

The continuo may be omitted from the performance.

What is the meaning of these icons?  3
Jacob van Eyck (c. 1589 - 1657):  Silvester inde Morgenstont
source: Der Fluyten Lust-hof (1649-54), No. 89
scoring: C
4
Carl Fasch (1736 - 1800):  Chi vuol trovar la pace, Canzonetta
source: Musikalisches Vielerley. Ed. C.Ph.E. Bach (Hamburg 1770)
scoring: ATB (Harpsichord)

Our editon presents this canzonetta in its original score as well as arranged for ATB recorders and harpsichord.

What is the meaning of these icons?  6
Anonymous:  Simphonia
source: ’t Uitnement Kabinet. 2 vols (Amsterdam 1646-49)
scoring: CB (Bc)

The bass recorder part is an adaptation of the original bass part; hence the bass recorder is ad libitum.

What is the meaning of these icons?  6
Giovanni Picchi (c. 1571 - 1643):  Canzon Prima a 2
source: Canzoni da sonar con ogni sorte d’istromenti (Venice 1625), No. 1
scoring: CCB or AA (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?  3
John Lennon (1940 - 1980):  Imagine
scoring: SATB
What is the meaning of these icons?   6
Giovanni Gabrieli (c. 1555 - 1612):  Canzon per sonar a 8. Primi Toni
source: Sacrae symphoniae (Venice 1597)
scoring: SSAATTBB
What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Anonymous:  Bouree d'Orange
source: Deusiesme recueil des dances et contre-dances avec la basse continue (Amsterdam 1688), No. 3
scoring: A or C (Bc)

The narrow range of the upper line allows to play this piece with any size of recorder.

What is the meaning of these icons?  5
Leonardo Vinci (1690 - 1730):  Cum Dominus iratus
scoring: SATB
Arranged from the original score for soprano, two violins and continuo.
What is the meaning of these icons?   8
Solomon Eccles (1649 - 1710):  A Division on a Ground
source: The first part of the division flute (London [1706]), No. 9
scoring: A (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?   8
Robert Valentine (1674 - c. 1735):  Sonata XII in F major - Op. 2, No. 12
source: Sonate di flauto a solo col basso per il cimbalo o violone. Op. 2 (Rome 1708)
scoring: A (Bc)
6
Anonymous:  Simphonie
source: A Collection of Several Simphonies and Airs in Three Parts ([London] 1688), No. 9
scoring: AA (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?  2
Anonymous:  Gallarde Faraboscho
source: ’t Uitnement Kabinet. 2 vols (Amsterdam 1646-49)
scoring: CB (Bc)

The bass recorder part is an adaptation of the original bass part; hence the bass recorder is ad libitum.

What is the meaning of these icons?  7
Anonymous:  Suiet Italien
source: Deusiesme recueil des dances et contre-dances avec la basse continue (Amsterdam 1688)
scoring: C or A (Bc)

The narrow range of the upper line allows to play this piece with any size of recorder.

What is the meaning of these icons?  13
Ferdinando Carulli (1770 - 1841):  Lezione 15 - Op. 27, No. 15
source: Metodo completo per chitarra, op. 27 (1810) - Parte terza: 24 lezioni progressive per due chitarre
scoring: TTBB or ATBB
What is the meaning of these icons?  7
Joseíto Fernández (1908 - 1979):  Guantanamera
scoring: SATB (Harmonic Instrument ad libitum)
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Anonymous:  Faronell's Ground
source: The first part of the division flute (London [1706]), No. 3
scoring: A (Bc)

The title refers to Farinelli (Carlo Broschi), the famous Italian castrato singer.

What is the meaning of these icons?   10
Luigi Battiferri (c. 1610 - 1682):  Ricercare Quarto a 4. Con due soggetti - Op. 3, No. 4
source: Ricercare a quattro, a cinque e a sei. Op. 3 (Bologna 1669)
scoring: SATB
What is the meaning of these icons?  5