Entries listed in chronological order (most recent first)

Entries 1 - 100 out of 4439 [45 pages]

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

Andrea Bornstein (1956 - ):  Sedanny or Dargason
source: early English dance tune
scoring: SATB
The source of the monody Sedanny or Dargason is The English Dancing Master, published in London in 1651 by John Playford.
Mine is a free arrangement which intentionally does not respect – at least partially – the implied original harmony.
What is the meaning of these icons?  3
Ángel Villoldo (1861 - 1919):  El Choclo, tango
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?    6
Dario Castello (1602 - 1631):  Sonata Prima a sopran solo
source: Sonate concertate in stil moderno. Libro secondo (Venice 1629)
scoring: A (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?  8
Thomas Ravenscroft (c. 1588 - 1635):  Remember, o thou man, A Christmas Carroll
source: Melismata. Musicall phansies fitting the court, citie, and countrey humours (London 1611)
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
With editorial divisions.
What is the meaning of these icons?    3
Thomas Ravenscroft (c. 1588 - 1635):  Remember, o thou man, A Christmas Carroll
source: Melismata. Musicall phansies fitting the court, citie, and countrey humours (London 1611)
scoring: SATB
With editorial divisions.
What is the meaning of these icons?    4
Henry Purcell (1659 - 1695):  If Music Be the Food of Love - Z 379
scoring: ATB
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Henry Purcell (1659 - 1695):  If Music Be the Food of Love - Z 379
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?   8
Anonymous (XVIII cent.):  Sonata in F major
source: Manuscrit musical 161. Manuscript preserved in Paris: Bibliothéque Municipale de Versailles, No. 7
scoring: AA
Hardly this piece can be defined a «Sonata», since it just consists of two fast movements.
The absence of slow movements may be caused by the style of the composition, based on the trumpet obbligo. That is, the melody mainly uses natural harmonics and play staccato with plenty of repeated notes, like a trumpet plays.
What is the meaning of these icons?  3
Dario Castello (1602 - 1631):  Sonata Decima Quinta a 4
source: Sonate concertate in stil moderno. Libro secondo (Venice 1629)
scoring: ATB (Bass instrument)
What is the meaning of these icons?  5
Andrea Ganassi (XVI cent.):  Agnus Dei
source: Il primo libro a due voci de diversi autori (Venice 1543), No. 5
scoring: SA or ST
What is the meaning of these icons?  5
Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber (1644 - 1704):  Sonata II in F major - C 79
source: Fidicinium sacro-profanum (Nuremberg c. 1683), No. 2
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
The original score is for two violins, viol, cello and continuo.
What is the meaning of these icons?  4
Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber (1644 - 1704):  Sonata II in C major - C 79
source: Fidicinium sacro-profanum (Nuremberg c. 1683), No. 2
scoring: SATB (Bass instrument)
The original score of this sonata in F major is for two violins, viol, cello and continuo.
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Heitor Villa-Lobos (1887 - 1959):  II Preludio (Modinha)
source: Bachianas Brasileiras No. 1
scoring: ATTB (Bass instrument)
What is the meaning of these icons?  4
Alessandro Scarlatti (1660 - 1725):  Fuga in G minor
source: Concerto IX from Concerti di Flauto, Violini, Violetta, e Basso di Diversi Autori (Naples 1725). Manuscript preserved in the Music conservatories of Naples
scoring: ATB (Bass instrument)
Transposed and arranged from the original score for treble recorder in G, two violins and continuo in A minor.
What is the meaning of these icons?   7
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Variatio 15. Canone alla Quinta (in moto contrario)
source: Goldberg Variations - BWV 988 (1741)
scoring: AB (Bass instrument)
This is a canon at the fifth above of the inverted variety; that is, the follower enters in the second bar in contrary motion to the leader. All the ascending intervals become descending and vice versa.
What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Marc-Antoine Charpentier (1643 - 1704):  Offertoire - Laissez paître vos bêtes
source: Messe de minuit pour Noël (midnight mass for Christmas) - H 9
scoring: AATB
Arranged from the original score for strings, recorders and continuo.
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Coldplay (XXI cent.):  Christmas Lights
scoring: ATB (Bass instrument)
What is the meaning of these icons?    5
Martino Bitti (c. 1656 - 1743):  Sonata VI in A minor
source: Sonate a due violino e basso. Per suonarsi con flauto, o vero violino (London [1711]), No. 6
scoring: A (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?  7
Domenico Cimarosa (1749 - 1801):  Giga in C major
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
Transposed and arranged from the original score for keyboard.
What is the meaning of these icons?   7
Antonio Vivaldi (1678 - 1741):  Largo
source: Concerto in F major - RV 98
scoring: ATB
This is the second movement of the concerto RV 98 in F major.
What is the meaning of these icons?  7
Jean Baptiste Loeillet de Gant (1688 - c. 1720):  Sonata V in Bb major
source: Six Sonatas for two German flutes (London 172?), No. 5
scoring: AA
As usual, this duo, which was composed for two transverse flutes in G major, may be transposed a third above and performed with two treble recorders.
What is the meaning of these icons?   6
Burt Bacharach (1928 - ):  This Guy’s in Love with You
scoring: AAAB (Bass instrument, Harmonic Instrument ad libitum)
What is the meaning of these icons?   4
Anonymous (XVI cent.):  O Heyligh zaligh Bethlehem, Old Dutch Christmas carol
scoring: SSATB
The source of this arrangement is a collection of songs, both sacred and secular, edited in Germany by Heinrich Albert in 1648. The song bears sacred German lyrics beginning with «Nimm dich o meine seel in acht», but the music had been already used in the Netherlands with the sacred lyrics beginning with «O Heyligh zaligh Bethlehem».
The melody was also used by van Eyck for his variations: see the related entry above.
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Jean-François Dandrieu (c. 1682 - 1739):  Une jeune Pucelle
source: Noels (Paris c. 1725)
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
Arranged for treble recorder and harpsichord from the original score for organ or harpsichord.
What is the meaning of these icons?    7
Yoko Takahashi (1966 - ):  A Cruel Angel’s Thesis - 残酷な天使のテーゼ
scoring: SATB
This is the opening theme song of the 1995 television anime series Neon Genesis Evangelion.
Gold nuggets can be found anywhere…
What is the meaning of these icons?    6
Anonymous (XVI cent.):  Wohlauf, gen Bethlehem in Eil’, Old German Christmas carol
scoring: AATB
The source of this German carol is the Weihnachtsalbum (1887) by Karl Riedel (1827 - 1888). Riedel claims that the lyrics are of the XV century, but does not say anything about the music. In all likelihood, the melody is original, while the harmonisation could be by himself.
I arranged the whole composition for recorders, heavily changing some passages of the lower parts and adding some divisions on the repeat of the first two lines.
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Anonymous (XVII cent.):  The pour soul sat sighing (aka The Willow song)
source: Ms. Add. 15177 (c. 1610-40), Manuscript preserved in London: British Library
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
With editorial divisions.
What is the meaning of these icons?   9
Tommaso Albinoni (1671 - c. 1750):  Concerto XI in F major
source: Concerti a cinque. Libro 1 (Amsterdam [1716]), No. 11
scoring: AATB
Transposed and arranged for recorders from the original score for strings.
What is the meaning of these icons?   8
Burke Thumoth (flourished 1720-47):  The Major
source: Twelve Scotch and Twelve Irish Airs with Variations (London 1748), No. 18
scoring: A (Bc)
Transposed from the original score for flute and continuo in A major.
The line of the bass is placed under the first eight bars only in the original print. Apparently, it must be repeated all the way until the end of the piece, but that does not always work; so I had to change the line of the bass – when necessary – to adapt it to the succesive sections.
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Robert Schumann (1810 - 1856):  Rundgesang - Op. 68, No. 22
source: Album for the Young (1848)
scoring: SATB
What is the meaning of these icons?  3
Anonymous (XVIII cent.):  Concerto I in F major
source: VI Sonates ou Concerts à 4, 5, & 6 parties. Livre 1 (Amsterdam n.d.), No. 1
scoring: AATTB
Arranged for recorders from the original score for trumpet and strings in D major.
What is the meaning of these icons?  4
Anonymous (XVIII cent.):  Allegro from Concerto III
source: VI Sonates ou Concerts à 4, 5, & 6 parties. Livre 1 (Amsterdam n.d.)
scoring: ATB (Bass instrument)
What is the meaning of these icons?  5
Thomas Ravenscroft (c. 1588 - 1635):  There were three ravens, Country pastime
source: Melismata. Musicall phansies fitting the court, citie, and countrey humours (London 1611)
scoring: SATB
With editorial divisions.
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Anonymous (XV cent.):  The Salutation Carol of the Angel Gabriel, English Christmas carol
source: MS. Arch. Selden B. 26 (XV cent.). Manuscript preserved in Oxford: Bodleian Library
scoring: SATB
What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Henry Purcell (1659 - 1695):  A New Ground
scoring: ATB
Arranged from the original score for solo harpsichord.
What is the meaning of these icons?   7
Henry Purcell (1659 - 1695):  A New Ground
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
Arranged from the original score for solo harpsichord.
What is the meaning of these icons?   6
Henry Purcell (1659 - 1695):  The Trumpet Song, «To arms, heroic prince»
source: The Libertine destroy’d (1692) - Z 600
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?  7
Hans Leo Hassler (1564 - 1612):  Vater unser im Himmelreich. Der fünfte Theil
source: Psalmen und Christliche Gesänge (Nuremberg 1607)
scoring: SATTB
What is the meaning of these icons?   2
Alexander Munro (flourished 1732-40):  The Boatman
source: A Collection of the best Scots tunes fited to the German flute with several divisions & variations (Paris [1732])
scoring: A (Bc)
The original score was conceived for flute: ours is the transposition for treble recorder.
What is the meaning of these icons?   4
Orlando di Lasso (c. 1532 - 1594):  O occhi, manza mia
source: Libro de villanelle, moresche et altre canzoni a 4. 5. 6 et 8 voci (Antwerp 1582)
scoring: SATB
What is the meaning of these icons?  3
Hanns Eisler (1898 - 1962):  An den kleinen Radioapparat
scoring: TTBF
What is the meaning of these icons?  3
Andrea Bornstein (1956 - ):  The Twelve Days of Christmas, English Christmas carol
scoring: SSATB or SSAAB
What is the meaning of these icons?   4
Johann Ulrich Steigleder (1593 - 1635):  Vater unser in Himmelreich
source: Tabulaturbuch (Strasbourg 1627)
scoring: SATB
This piece is the 37th variation – «Coral im Discant, 4 Vocum» – from Steigleder’s Tabulaturbuch (Strasbourg 1627), a collection of 40 variations on the chorale «Vater unser in Himmelreich».
What is the meaning of these icons?  3
Georg Philipp Telemann (1681 - 1767):  Le Galope de Roscinante
source: Suite «Burlesque de Quixotte» - TWV 55:G10
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?  8
Henry Purcell (1659 - 1695):  Music for a While
source: Oedipus (1692) - Z 583
scoring: ATB (Bass instrument)
I arranged this vocal piece for a four-part ensemble realizing the two middle parts from scratch.
What is the meaning of these icons?   7
Henry Purcell (1659 - 1695):  Music for a While
source: Oedipus (1692) - Z 583
scoring: A (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Georg Philipp Telemann (1681 - 1767):  Concerto in G minor - TWV 51:f2
source: Ms. Mus.2392-O-26. Manuscript preserved in Saxon State and University Library Dresden
scoring: AAT (Bass instrument)
Transposed and arranged from the original concerto in F minor for oboe, violin, viola and continuo.
What is the meaning of these icons?   10
Giovanni Carlo Rossi (XVII cent.):  Sentite che disgrazia
source: Venetian manuscript of the end of the Seventeenth Century
scoring: STB
What is the meaning of these icons?   4
Johann Crüger (1598 - 1662):  Exercitatio 65, «Preparate corda vestra Domino»
source: Musicae practicae. Praecepta brevia et exercitia pro tyronibus varia (Berlin 1660), No. 65
scoring: TB or AA (Bc)
The original scoring in F major suits a tenor and a bass recorder. When transposed upward in C major, it suits two treble recorders.
Anyway, the narrow range of both parts makes them suitable for a wide choice of recorders.
What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Andrea Bornstein (1956 - ):  Variations on «Happy Birthday»
scoring: SSB
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Johann Crüger (1598 - 1662):  Exercitatio 75, «Herr, wenn ich nur dich habe»
source: Musicae practicae. Praecepta brevia et exercitia pro tyronibus varia (Berlin 1660), No. 75
scoring: AT (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Variatio 12. Canone alla Quarta in moto contrario
source: Goldberg Variations - BWV 988 (1741)
scoring: AB (Bass instrument)
This is a canon at the fourth below of the inverted variety; that is, the follower enters in the second bar in contrary motion to the leader. All the ascending intervals become descending and vice versa.
What is the meaning of these icons?  3
Andrea Bornstein (1956 - ):  Sonatina canonica in F major
scoring: AAB
This is my first attempt to canonic composition.
What is the meaning of these icons?   6
Jean Baptiste Loeillet de Gant (1688 - c. 1720):  Sonata IV in C minor
source: Six Sonatas for two German flutes (London 172?), No. 4
scoring: AA
As usual, this duo, which was composed for two transverse flutes in G minor, may be transposed a fourth above and performed with two treble recorders.
3
Giuseppe Sammartini (1695 - 1750):  Sonata II in G minor
source: Six sonatas or duets for two German flutes (London n.d.), No. 2
scoring: AA
Transposed and slightly adapted from the original score for two flutes in E minor.
What is the meaning of these icons?  4
Henry Purcell (1659 - 1695):  Still I’m wishing
source: The Prophetess (The History of Dioclesian) (1690) - Z 627
scoring: AATB or AAAB (Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?   4
Alessandro Scarlatti (1660 - 1725):  Cuius animam gementem
source: Stabat Mater
scoring: AAT (Bass instrument)
What is the meaning of these icons?  4
Henry Purcell (1659 - 1695):  Prelude to «If Love's a sweet passion»
source: The Fairy-Queen (1692) - Z 629
scoring: SATB (Harpsichord ad libitum)
What is the meaning of these icons?   7
Ernesto De Curtis (1875 - 1937):  Voce ’e notte
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?  3
Giovanni Matteo Asola (c. 1532 - 1609):  Cantan fra rami gli augelletti vaghi
source: Madrigali a due voci accomodati da cantar in fuga diversamente sopra una parte sola (Venice 1587), No. 1
scoring: SA or ATB
The duo fits SA recorders as well as TB ones.
I also devised a third part ad libitum.
What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Anonymous (XVI cent.):  Da pacem
source: Mus.ms. 1516. Teutsche, Französische und Lateinische Lieder mit 4 Stimmen (Augsburg c. 1540), Manuscript preserved in Munich: Bavarian State Library, No. 165
scoring: ATTB
What is the meaning of these icons?  4
Ludwig Senfl (c. 1486 - c. 1542):  Gling glang
scoring: SSTTTB or AATTTB
What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Tommaso Giordani (c. 1730 - ante 1806):  Caro mio ben, Arietta
scoring: AAT (Bass instrument)
Divisions and arrangement are editorial.
What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Christoph Graupner (1683 - 1760):  Menuet, GWV 854
scoring: STB
Arranged from the original score for harpsichord
What is the meaning of these icons?  2
Josquin des Pres (c. 1440 - 1521):  Cela sans plus
source: Harmonice Musices Odhecaton A (Venice 1501), No. 61
scoring: STB or ABB
Two versions of this piece are in our edition. The original one in G with a flat and a transposed one a fourth below, more suitable for recorders.
What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Angelo Michele Bertalotti (1666 - 1747):  Solfeggio Trentesimo Secondo
source: Solfeggi a canto e alto (Bologna 1744), No. 32
scoring: SA or AAT
The original duo is in E minor and fits SA recorders as well as TB ones.
I also devised an arrangement transposed in A minor with an added third part.
What is the meaning of these icons?  3
Johann Heinrich Schmelzer (c. 1620 - 1680):  Sarabanda Variata
source: IMhs 8:18. Manuscript preserved in Uppsala: Carolina Rediviva, Uppsala University Library
scoring: A (Bc)
Transposed and adapted from the original score for violin in D major.
What is the meaning of these icons?    13
Giovanni Battista Sammartini (c. 1700 - 1775):  Rondò spiritoso
source: Ms. Musica 2-N-13,2. Manuscript preserved in Saxon State and University Library Dresden, No. 11
scoring: AB (Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Johann Pachelbel (1653 - 1706):  Ciacona - P 41
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
Arranged from the original score for keyboard
3
Andreas Oswald (1634 - 1665):  Aria variata
source: Ms. Rés. Vm7 673 - Manuscrit Rost (1680-88). Manuscript preserved in Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France
scoring: AA (Bc)
Transposed and adapted from the original for two violins and continuo.
What is the meaning of these icons?  3
Anonymous (XVI cent.):  Basela un trato [Kiss her suddenly]
source: Mus.ms. 1503 h (c. 1550), Manuscript preserved in Munich: Bavarian State Library, No. 3
scoring: ATTB
What is the meaning of these icons?  5
John Denver (1943 - 1997):  Annie’s Song
scoring: AAB
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Henry Purcell (1659 - 1695):  They tell us that you mighty powers above
source: The Indian Queen (1695) - Z 630, No. 19
scoring: ATB (Bass instrument, Harpsichord)
What is the meaning of these icons?    6
Traditional:  Wohlauf, noch getrunken, German popular song
scoring: A (Keyboard)
What is the meaning of these icons?  2
The Beatles (XX cent.):  For No One
scoring: STTB
What is the meaning of these icons?   4
Christoph Graupner (1683 - 1760):  Chorale
source: Cantata «Heut triumphieret Gottes Sohn» - GWV 1129/15
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
This arrangement is based on the violin part accompanied by the continuo.
What is the meaning of these icons?  4
John Dowland (1563 - 1626):  In darkness let me dwell
scoring: TBL (Bass instrument)
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Pietro Locatelli (1695 - 1764):  Largo
source: Concerto grosso IX (Amsterdam 1735)
scoring: AATTB (Bass instrument)
What is the meaning of these icons?  6
Traditional Klezmer:  Bulgar frailach
scoring: ATB (Harmonic Instrument ad libitum)
What is the meaning of these icons?  5
Henry Purcell (1659 - 1695):  With drooping wings ye Cupids come
source: Dido and Aeneas (1688) - Z 626, No. 38
scoring: ATB or TBL (Bass instrument)
Here presented in two versions: in D minor and a lower one in A minor.
What is the meaning of these icons?  8
Henry Purcell (1659 - 1695):  The Triumphing Dance
source: Dido and Aeneas (1688) - Z 626, No. 12
scoring: TTB (Bass instrument)
What is the meaning of these icons?   7
Francesco Geminiani (1687 - 1762):  Follia
source: Concerti Grossi della Seconda Parte dell’Opera Quinta d’Arcangelo Corelli (London 1726)
scoring: AA (Bass instrument, Harpsichord)
Arranged and transposed from the original orchestral score
What is the meaning of these icons?  5
Anonymous (XVII cent.):  Appena gli occhi alzai nel ciel del tuo volto
source: Venetian manuscript of the end of the Seventeenth Century
scoring: ATB (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?   4
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Variatio 9. Canone alla terza
source: Goldberg Variations - BWV 988 (1741)
scoring: AA (Bass instrument)
What is the meaning of these icons?  4
George Frideric Handel (1685 - 1759):  Fantasia - HWV 490
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
Arranged from the original score for solo harpsichord in C major.
3
Matthew Locke (c. 1622 - 1677):  Suite 9 (Nos. 33-36)
source: Little consort of three parts (London 1656), No. 9
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
4
Matthew Locke (c. 1622 - 1677):  Suite 10 (Nos. 37-40)
source: Little consort of three parts (London 1656), No. 10
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
5
The Beatles (XX cent.):  Nowhere Man
scoring: A (Karaoke)
This song is presented as a karaoke version; that is, it must be played by a solo treble recorder with the provided MIDI file or with the karaoke videos you find here below.
In the first video, the solo part plays together with the orchestra, while the second video is a minus-one (that is, the solo part is missing).
What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Burt Bacharach (1928 - ):  Close To You
scoring: A (Karaoke)
This song is presented as a karaoke version; that is, it must be played by a solo treble recorder with the provided MIDI file or with the karaoke videos you find here below.
In the first video, the solo part plays together with the orchestra, while the second video is a minus-one (that is, the solo part is missing).
What is the meaning of these icons?   3
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750):  Variatio 6. Canone alla seconda
source: Goldberg Variations - BWV 988 (1741)
scoring: AA (Bass instrument)
What is the meaning of these icons?  8
Giovanni Paisiello (1740 - 1816):  Sonata in D minor
source: Capriccio «Les adieux» in D minor
scoring: A (Harpsichord)
This arrangement is based on excerpts from the Capriccio «Les adieux» in D minor for piano.
What is the meaning of these icons?   9
Johann Joachim Quantz (1697 - 1773):  Larghetto
source: Trio Sonata in Eb major - QV 2:Anh.18
scoring: ATB
What is the meaning of these icons?   10
Francesco Bendusi (flourished 1553):  Doi stanchi
source: Opera nova de balli a quattro. Accomodati da cantare et sonare d’ogni sorte de stromenti (Venice 1553), No. 8
scoring: ATTB
This piece belongs to collection of ensemble dance pieces that has an important place in the history of instrumental music of the 16th century, since it is not only the first but also one of the rare Italian publications of its kind.
The narrow range of all the parts makes them suitable for any kind of instruments, not least the crumhorn.
What is the meaning of these icons?  6
Jean Baptiste Loeillet de Gant (1688 - c. 1720):  Sonata III in Bb major
source: Six Sonatas for two German flutes (London 172?), No. 3
scoring: AA
As usual, this duo, which was composed for two transverse flutes in G major, may be transposed a third above and performed with two treble recorders.
8
Andrea Bornstein (1956 - ):  Fantasia on a Finger’s Ground
scoring: ATB (Bass instrument)
This arrangement of mine is based on Finger’s A division on a ground in G minor. See the related entry.
What is the meaning of these icons?   11
Henry Purcell (1659 - 1695):  Love, thou can’st hear - Z. 396
source: Deliciae musicae. The first book (London 1695)
scoring: A (Bc)
Another smashing vocal number by Henry Purcell: the treatment of the harmony and some melodic passages are years ahead his time.
What is the meaning of these icons?    11
Domenico Natale Sarri [Sarro] (1679 - 1744):  Sonata 2 in G minor
source: Ms. CF-V-23: Sinfonie di varij autori. Manuscript preserved in Parma: Biblioteca Palatina, No. 24
scoring: A (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?    15
Gottfried Finger (c. 1660 - 1730):  A division on a ground in G minor
source: The first part of the division flute (London [1706]), No. 10
scoring: A (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?    6
Luigi Tenco (1938 - 1967):  Quando
scoring: ATTB
What is the meaning of these icons?   5
Gottfried Finger (c. 1660 - 1730):  A division on a ground (3)
source: RM.788.1191/S698: Sonates pour 1 & 2 fluttes. Manuscript preserved in Detroit: Public Library, No. 7
scoring: A (Bc)
What is the meaning of these icons?    10